عنوان مقاله [English]
With the emergence of positive psychology, research has been widely focused on people's strengths and abilities that lead to ultimate performance (Seligman, 2005). With this movement, the focus has shifted from unhappiness to well-being. Researchers have explored the strengths that contribute to the growth of individuals and society. Concepts such as hope, resilience, social support have become focal points. The purpose of this study was to determine the mediating role of social support and social cohesion between life expectancy and resilience of adolescents. The present study was a descriptive, correlational type. The statistical population of the research included all secondary school students of the second period of Abarkoh city in the academic year of 1400. Among them, 400 people were selected using available sampling method, and the research tools included Zimmet et al.'s structured social support scale (1988), Lee and Robbins' social cohesion scale (1995), Snyder et al.'s life expectancy scale (1991) and Connor and Davidson's (2003) resilience scale answered. The data was analyzed using the path analysis method. The results showed that social support and social cohesion have a significant mediating role between life expectancy and resilience (β = -0.029, P <0.001). Based on the findings of the research, social support and social cohesion are two important sources in the development of resilience, this has important implications for research and practice.
Based on the findings, it is necessary to intervene in regard to underlying factors such as hope and resilience that affect the intimate relationship between couples, to promote family and social harmony